Venus deutsch

venus deutsch

Übersetzung für 'Venus' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'venus' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache und. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'venus' in LEOs Französisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache. Il avait csgorl toupet de venir me demander de l' argent. Die nächste Bedeckung des Mars durch die Venus wird erst am 4. Veraltet in über zwei Jahren. So kann sie für einige Tage bei Vorbeizug nördlich der Sonne auf der Nordhalbkugel und bei Vorbeizug australien volljährig der Sonne auf der Südhalbkugel sowohl am Abend- als auch am Morgenhimmel gesehen werden. Beide Gräben erstrecken sich fast parallel zum Äquator. Durch die Erfindung des Radars und der Radioastronomie traten in der Mitte des zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts weitere neue Beobachtungsmöglichkeiten hinzu.

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Venus deutsch -

Wie finde ich die neuen Satzbeispiele? November wird sie ihn teilweise und am Bei diesen Positionen fällt sie während der Dämmerung als erster oder letzter deutliche Stern auf. Systeme radialsymmetrisch von einem Zentrum ausgehender Brüche werden im Einzelnen Astrum oder auch Nova genannt. Dieses Nullniveau der Venus entspricht einem Kugelradius von 6. Dazu kommen jetzt Millionen von authentischen Übersetzungsbeispielen aus externen Quellen, die zeigen, wie ein Begriff im Zusammenhang übersetzt wird. Dort sind nach einem Krieg bis auf wenige Ausnahmen alle Männer auf einen Nachbarplaneten verbannt worden.

deutsch venus -

Jahrhundert gab es keinen einzigen Venustransit. Mars und Venus sind von Kolonisten der Erde besiedelt, die in friedlicher Koexistenz mit jeweils einheimischen intelligenten Spezies leben. Transliteration aktiv Tastaturlayout Phonetisch. Die Hochatmosphäre rotiert somit rund mal schneller als die Venus selbst. Durch die allgemeine Zuordnung eines weiblichen Charakters in der abend- und morgenländischen Kultur steht das Symbol der Venus in der heutigen Gesellschaft auch für die Weiblichkeit und in der Biologie für das weibliche Geschlecht. So ergab das für die Saturnmonde konstruierte Radar die bisher genaueste Kartierung einiger Venusregionen. Neben den erstarrten Lavaströmen, den Fluctus, die im Einzelnen wie Mylitta Fluctus eine Breite von mehreren hundert Kilometern und über Kilometer an Länge erreichen, deuten andere vulkanische Strukturen auf Ströme von sehr dünnflüssiger Lava hin. Trotz der sehr langsamen Rotation der Venus sind die Temperaturunterschiede sowohl zwischen der Tag- und der Nachtseite als auch zwischen der Äquatorregion und den Polgebieten sehr gering. Erst die späteren Hellenen bezogen diesen Planeten auf die Göttin Aphrodite. Die Hochlagen der Tesserae nach griech.

Almost a thousand impact craters on Venus are evenly distributed across its surface. On other cratered bodies, such as Earth and the Moon, craters show a range of states of degradation.

On the Moon, degradation is caused by subsequent impacts, whereas on Earth it is caused by wind and rain erosion.

The number of craters, together with their well-preserved condition, indicates the planet underwent a global resurfacing event about — million years ago, [29] [30] followed by a decay in volcanism.

Without plate tectonics to dissipate heat from its mantle, Venus instead undergoes a cyclical process in which mantle temperatures rise until they reach a critical level that weakens the crust.

Then, over a period of about million years, subduction occurs on an enormous scale, completely recycling the crust.

Objects with less than a certain kinetic energy are slowed down so much by the atmosphere that they do not create an impact crater.

Without seismic data or knowledge of its moment of inertia , little direct information is available about the internal structure and geochemistry of Venus.

Like that of Earth, the Venusian core is at least partially liquid because the two planets have been cooling at about the same rate.

This results in reduced heat loss from the planet, preventing it from cooling and providing a likely explanation for its lack of an internally generated magnetic field.

Venus has an extremely dense atmosphere composed of This temperature is higher than that used for sterilization. Studies have suggested that billions of years ago Venus's atmosphere was much more like Earth's than it is now, and that there may have been substantial quantities of liquid water on the surface, but after a period of million to several billion years, [61] a runaway greenhouse effect was caused by the evaporation of that original water, which generated a critical level of greenhouse gases in its atmosphere.

Thermal inertia and the transfer of heat by winds in the lower atmosphere mean that the temperature of Venus's surface does not vary significantly between the night and day sides, despite Venus's extremely slow rotation.

Winds at the surface are slow, moving at a few kilometres per hour, but because of the high density of the atmosphere at the surface, they exert a significant amount of force against obstructions, and transport dust and small stones across the surface.

This alone would make it difficult for a human to walk through, even if the heat, pressure, and lack of oxygen were not a problem. Above the dense CO 2 layer are thick clouds consisting mainly of sulfuric acid , which is formed by sulfur dioxide and water through a chemical reaction resulting in sulfuric acid hydrate.

Clouds at different levels have different compositions and particle size distributions. The permanent cloud cover means that although Venus is closer than Earth to the Sun, it receives less sunlight on the ground.

The surface of Venus is effectively isothermal ; it retains a constant temperature not only between day and night sides but between the equator and the poles.

This substance likely formed from a similar process to snow, albeit at a far higher temperature. Too volatile to condense on the surface, it rose in gaseous form to higher elevations, where it is cooler and could precipitate.

The identity of this substance is not known with certainty, but speculation has ranged from elemental tellurium to lead sulfide galena.

The clouds of Venus may be capable of producing lightning. In —07, Venus Express clearly detected whistler mode waves , the signatures of lightning.

Their intermittent appearance indicates a pattern associated with weather activity. According to these measurements, the lightning rate is at least half of that on Earth.

Venus Express also discovered, in , that an ozone layer exists high in the atmosphere of Venus. In December and to a lesser extent in April and May , researchers working on Japan's Akatsuki mission observed bow shapes in the atmosphere of Venus.

This was considered direct evidence of the existence of perhaps the largest stationary gravity waves in the solar system.

In , Venera 4 found Venus's magnetic field to be much weaker than that of Earth. This magnetic field is induced by an interaction between the ionosphere and the solar wind , [87] [88] rather than by an internal dynamo as in the Earth's core.

Venus's small induced magnetosphere provides negligible protection to the atmosphere against cosmic radiation.

The lack of an intrinsic magnetic field at Venus was surprising, given that it is similar to Earth in size, and was expected also to contain a dynamo at its core.

A dynamo requires three things: The core is thought to be electrically conductive and, although its rotation is often thought to be too slow, simulations show it is adequate to produce a dynamo.

On Earth, convection occurs in the liquid outer layer of the core because the bottom of the liquid layer is much hotter than the top. On Venus, a global resurfacing event may have shut down plate tectonics and led to a reduced heat flux through the crust.

This caused the mantle temperature to increase, thereby reducing the heat flux out of the core. As a result, no internal geodynamo is available to drive a magnetic field.

Instead, the heat from the core is being used to reheat the crust. One possibility is that Venus has no solid inner core, [92] or that its core is not cooling, so that the entire liquid part of the core is at approximately the same temperature.

Another possibility is that its core has already completely solidified. The state of the core is highly dependent on the concentration of sulfur , which is unknown at present.

The weak magnetosphere around Venus means that the solar wind is interacting directly with its outer atmosphere.

Here, ions of hydrogen and oxygen are being created by the dissociation of neutral molecules from ultraviolet radiation. The solar wind then supplies energy that gives some of these ions sufficient velocity to escape Venus's gravity field.

This erosion process results in a steady loss of low-mass hydrogen, helium, and oxygen ions, whereas higher-mass molecules, such as carbon dioxide, are more likely to be retained.

Atmospheric erosion by the solar wind probably led to the loss of most of Venus's water during the first billion years after it formed. Venus orbits the Sun at an average distance of about 0.

Although all planetary orbits are elliptical , Venus's orbit is the closest to circular , with an eccentricity of less than 0.

All the planets in the Solar System orbit the Sun in a counterclockwise direction as viewed from above Earth's north pole.

Because its rotation is so slow, Venus is very close to spherical. Venus's equator rotates at 6. Venus may have formed from the solar nebula with a different rotation period and obliquity, reaching its current state because of chaotic spin changes caused by planetary perturbations and tidal effects on its dense atmosphere, a change that would have occurred over the course of billions of years.

The rotation period of Venus may represent an equilibrium state between tidal locking to the Sun's gravitation, which tends to slow rotation, and an atmospheric tide created by solar heating of the thick Venusian atmosphere.

Venus has no natural satellites. Alex Alemi's and David Stevenson 's study of models of the early Solar System at the California Institute of Technology shows Venus likely had at least one moon created by a huge impact event billions of years ago.

An alternative explanation for the lack of satellites is the effect of strong solar tides, which can destabilize large satellites orbiting the inner terrestrial planets.

To the naked eye , Venus appears as a white point of light brighter than any other planet or star apart from the Sun.

Venus "overtakes" Earth every days as it orbits the Sun. Its greater maximum elongation means it is visible in dark skies long after sunset.

As the brightest point-like object in the sky, Venus is a commonly misreported " unidentified flying object ". As it orbits the Sun, Venus displays phases like those of the Moon in a telescopic view.

The planet appears as a small and "full" disc when it is on the opposite side of the Sun at superior conjunction. Venus shows a larger disc and "quarter phase" at its maximum elongations from the Sun, and appears its brightest in the night sky.

The planet presents a much larger thin "crescent" in telescopic views as it passes along the near side between Earth and the Sun.

Venus displays its largest size and "new phase" when it is between Earth and the Sun at inferior conjunction. Its atmosphere is visible through telescopes by the halo of sunlight refracted around it.

The Venusian orbit is slightly inclined relative to Earth's orbit; thus, when the planet passes between Earth and the Sun, it usually does not cross the face of the Sun.

Transits of Venus occur when the planet's inferior conjunction coincides with its presence in the plane of Earth's orbit.

The latest pair was June 8, and June 5—6, The transit could be watched live from many online outlets or observed locally with the right equipment and conditions.

The preceding pair of transits occurred in December and December ; the following pair will occur in December and December Historically, transits of Venus were important, because they allowed astronomers to determine the size of the astronomical unit , and hence the size of the Solar System as shown by Horrocks in The pentagram of Venus is the path that Venus makes as observed from Earth.

Successive inferior conjunctions of Venus repeat very near a Naked eye observations of Venus during daylight hours exist in several anecdotes and records.

Astronomer Edmund Halley calculated its maximum naked eye brightness in , when many Londoners were alarmed by its appearance in the daytime.

French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte once witnessed a daytime apparition of the planet while at a reception in Luxembourg. A long-standing mystery of Venus observations is the so-called ashen light —an apparent weak illumination of its dark side, seen when the planet is in the crescent phase.

The first claimed observation of ashen light was made in , but the existence of the illumination has never been reliably confirmed. Observers have speculated it may result from electrical activity in the Venusian atmosphere, but it could be illusory, resulting from the physiological effect of observing a bright, crescent-shaped object.

Though some ancient civilizations referred to Venus both as the "morning star" and as the "evening star", names that reflect the assumption that these were two separate objects, the earliest recorded observations of Venus by the ancient Sumerians show that they recognized Venus as a single object, [] associated it with the goddess Inanna.

The ancient Greeks also initially believed Venus to be two separate stars: Phosphorus , the morning star, and Hesperus , the evening star.

Pliny the Elder credited the realization that they were a single object to Pythagoras in the sixth century BCE, [] while Diogenes Laertius argued that Parmenides was probably responsible for this rediscovery.

In the second century, in his astronomical treatise Almagest , Ptolemy theorized that both Mercury and Venus are located between the Sun and the Earth.

The 11th century Persian astronomer Avicenna claimed to have observed the transit of Venus , [] which later astronomers took as confirmation of Ptolemy's theory.

When Venus is furthest from the Sun in the sky, it shows a half-lit phase , and when it is closest to the Sun in the sky, it shows as a crescent or full phase.

This could be possible only if Venus orbited the Sun, and this was among the first observations to clearly contradict the Ptolemaic geocentric model that the Solar System was concentric and centred on Earth.

The transit of Venus was accurately predicted by Jeremiah Horrocks and observed by him and his friend, William Crabtree , at each of their respective homes, on 4 December 24 November under the Julian calendar in use at that time.

The atmosphere of Venus was discovered in by Russian polymath Mikhail Lomonosov. He correctly surmised this was due to scattering of sunlight in a dense atmosphere.

Later, American astronomer Chester Smith Lyman observed a complete ring around the dark side of the planet when it was at inferior conjunction , providing further evidence for an atmosphere.

Its almost featureless disc gave no hint what its surface might be like, and it was only with the development of spectroscopic , radar and ultraviolet observations that more of its secrets were revealed.

The first ultraviolet observations were carried out in the s, when Frank E. Ross found that ultraviolet photographs revealed considerable detail that was absent in visible and infrared radiation.

He suggested this was due to a dense, yellow lower atmosphere with high cirrus clouds above it. Spectroscopic observations in the s gave the first clues about the Venusian rotation.

Vesto Slipher tried to measure the Doppler shift of light from Venus, but found he could not detect any rotation.

He surmised the planet must have a much longer rotation period than had previously been thought. Radar observations of Venus were first carried out in the s, and provided the first measurements of the rotation period, which were close to the modern value.

Radar observations in the s revealed details of the Venusian surface for the first time. The observations also revealed a bright region attributed to mountains, which was called Maxwell Montes.

The first robotic space probe mission to Venus, and the first to any planet, began with the Soviet Venera program in On 18 October , the Soviet Venera 4 successfully entered the atmosphere and deployed science experiments.

In , Mariner 10 swung by Venus on its way to Mercury and took ultraviolet photographs of the clouds, revealing the extraordinarily high wind speeds in the Venusian atmosphere.

In , the Soviet Venera 9 and 10 landers transmitted the first images from the surface of Venus, which were in black and white. In the first colour images of the surface were obtained with the Soviet Venera 13 and 14 landers.

NASA obtained additional data in with the Pioneer Venus project that consisted of two separate missions: Equipped with seven scientific instruments, Venus Express provided unprecedented long-term observation of Venus's atmosphere.

ESA concluded that mission in December In , NASA announced that it was planning a rover, the Automaton Rover for Extreme Environments , designed to survive for an extended time in Venus's environmental conditions.

It would be controlled by a mechanical computer and driven by wind power. Venus is a primary feature of the night sky, and so has been of remarkable importance in mythology , astrology and fiction throughout history and in different cultures.

Classical poets such as Homer , Sappho , Ovid and Virgil spoke of the star and its light. Because the movements of Venus appear to be discontinuous it disappears due to its proximity to the sun, for many days at a time, and then reappears on the other horizon , some cultures did not recognize Venus as single entity; instead, they assumed it to be two separate stars on each horizon: Nonetheless, a cylinder seal from the Jemdet Nasr period indicates that the ancient Sumerians already knew that the morning and evening stars were the same celestial object.

The Sumerians associated the planet with the goddess Inanna known as Ishtar by the later Akkadians and Babylonians , and their myths of Inanna are often allegories for the apparent motions and cycles of the planet.

Shukra which is used in Indian Vedic astrology [] means "clear, pure" or "brightness, clearness" in Sanskrit. One of the nine Navagraha , it is held to affect wealth, pleasure and reproduction; it was the son of Bhrgu , preceptor of the Daityas, and guru of the Asuras.

Venus is known as Kejora in Indonesian and Malay. The Ancient Egyptians and Greeks believed Venus to be two separate bodies, a morning star and an evening star.

The Egyptians knew the morning star as Tioumoutiri and the evening star as Ouaiti. Venus was considered the most important celestial body observed by the Maya , who called it Chac ek , [] or Noh Ek ', "the Great Star".

With the invention of the telescope, the idea that Venus was a physical world and possible destination began to take form. The impenetrable Venusian cloud cover gave science fiction writers free rein to speculate on conditions at its surface; all the more so when early observations showed that not only was it similar in size to Earth, it possessed a substantial atmosphere.

Closer to the Sun than Earth, the planet was frequently depicted as warmer, but still habitable by humans. Findings from the first missions to Venus showed the reality to be quite different, and brought this particular genre to an end.

The astronomical symbol for Venus is the same as that used in biology for the female sex: The speculation of the existence of life on Venus decreased significantly since the early s, when spacecraft began studying Venus and it became clear that the conditions on Venus are extreme compared to those on Earth.

A few scientists have speculated that thermoacidophilic extremophile microorganisms might exist in the lower-temperature, acidic upper layers of the Venusian atmosphere.

This has led to proposals to use aerostats lighter-than-air balloons for initial exploration and ultimately for permanent "floating cities" in the Venusian atmosphere.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Planet Venus. This article is about the planet. For other uses, see Venus disambiguation.

Second planet from the Sun in the Solar System. A real-colour image taken by Mariner 10 processed from two filters. The surface is obscured by thick sulfuric acid clouds.

Following the right-hand rule for prograde rotation puts Ishtar Terra in the southern hemisphere and makes the axial tilt Geology of Venus and Volcanology of Venus.

Cloud structure in the Venusian atmosphere in , revealed by observations in the ultraviolet band by Pioneer Venus Orbiter. Global radar view of Venus without the clouds from Magellan between and Absorption spectrum of a simple gas mixture corresponding to Earth's atmosphere.

Green colour — water vapour, red — carbon dioxide, WN — wavenumber other colours have different meanings, lower wavelengths on the right, higher on the left.

Transit of Venus and Transit of Venus, Observations and explorations of Venus. There was a transit of Venus within his lifetime, on 24 May , although it is questionable whether it would have been visible from his location.

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Retrieved 29 April Encyclopedia of the Solar System 3rd ed. Retrieved 12 January Archived from the original PDF on 23 October Analysis of a random sample of thirty-six test areas".

Earth, Moon, and Planets. Under these special circumstances, they could get virtuously, religiously drunk on strong wine, safe from Venus' temptations.

Outside of this context, ordinary wine that is, Venus' wine tinctured with myrtle oil was thought particularly suitable for women. Roman generals given an ovation , a lesser form of Roman triumph , wore a myrtle crown, perhaps to purify themselves and their armies of blood-guilt.

The ovation ceremony was assimilated to Venus Victrix "Victorious Venus" , who was held to have granted and purified its relatively "easy" victory.

Fabius Gurges in the heat of a battle against the Samnites. It was dedicated in BC, at a site near the Aventine Hill , and was supposedly funded by fines imposed on Roman women for sexual misdemeanours.

Its rites and character were probably influenced by or based on Greek Aphrodite 's cults, which were already diffused in various forms throughout Italian Magna Graeca.

Its dedication date connects Venus Obsequens to the Vinalia rustica festival. The Sibylline oracle suggested that if the Venus Erycina "Venus of Eryx " , patron goddess of Carthage's Sicillian allies, could be persuaded to change her allegiance, Carthage might be defeated.

Rome laid siege to Eryx, offered its goddess a magnificent temple as reward for her defection, captured her image and brought it to Rome.

It was installed in a temple on the Capitoline Hill , as one of Rome's twelve Dii consentes. Shorn of her more overtly Carthaginian characteristics, [26] this "foreign Venus" became Rome's Venus Genetrix "Venus the Mother" , [27] [28] As far as the Romans were concerned, this was the homecoming of an ancestral goddess to her people.

Roman tradition made Venus the mother and protector of the Trojan prince Aeneas , ancestor of the Roman people.

Soon after, Rome's defeat of Carthage confirmed Venus's goodwill to Rome, her links to its mythical Trojan past, and her support of its political and military hegemony.

The Capitoline cult to Venus seems to have been reserved to higher status Romans. A separate cult to Venus Erycina as a fertility deity, [30] was established in BC, in a traditionally plebeian district just outside Rome's sacred boundary , near the Colline Gate.

The temple, cult and goddess probably retained much of the original's character and rites. Towards the end of the Roman Republic , some leading Romans laid personal claims to Venus' favour.

The general and dictator Sulla adopted Felix "Lucky" as a surname, acknowledging his debt to heaven-sent good fortune and his particular debt to Venus Felix , for his extraordinarily fortunate political and military career.

Pompey's erstwhile friend, ally, and later opponent Julius Caesar went still further. He claimed the favours of Venus Victrix in his military success and Venus Genetrix as a personal, divine ancestress — apparently a long-standing family tradition among the Julii.

When Caesar was assassinated, his heir, Augustus , adopted both claims as evidence of his inherent fitness for office, and divine approval of his rule.

Vitruvius recommends that any new temple to Venus be sited according to rules laid down by the Etruscan haruspices , and built "near to the gate" of the city, where it would be less likely to contaminate "the matrons and youth with the influence of lust".

He finds the Corinthian style, slender, elegant, enriched with ornamental leaves and surmounted by volutes , appropriate to Venus' character and disposition.

It was the largest temple in Ancient Rome. Venus was offered official state-sponsored cult in certain festivals of the Roman calendar.

Her sacred month was April Latin Mensis Aprilis which Roman etymologists understood to derive from aperire , "to open," with reference to the springtime blossoming of trees and flowers.

Venus Verticordia was invented in BC, in response to advice from a Sibylline oracle during Rome's Punic Wars , [41] when a series of prodigies was taken to signify divine displeasure at sexual offenses among Romans of every category and class, including several men and three Vestal Virgins.

At first, this statue was probably housed in the temple of Fortuna Virilis , perhaps as divine reinforcement against the perceived moral and religious failings of its cult.

In BC Venus Verticordia was given her own temple. During her rites, her image was taken from her temple to the men's baths, where it was undressed and washed in warm water by her female attendants, then garlanded with myrtle.

Women and men asked Venus Verticordia's help in affairs of the heart, sex, betrothal and marriage. For Ovid , Venus's acceptance of the epithet and its attendant responsibilities represented a change of heart in the goddess herself.

Vinalia urbana April 23 , a wine festival shared by Venus and Jupiter , king of the gods. Venus was patron of " profane " wine, for everyday human use.

Jupiter was patron of the strongest, purest, sacrificial grade wine, and controlled the weather on which the autumn grape-harvest would depend.

At this festival, men and women alike drank the new vintage of ordinary, non-sacral wine in honour of Venus, whose powers had provided humankind with this gift.

Upper-class women gathered at Venus's Capitoline temple, where a libation of the previous year's vintage, sacred to Jupiter, was poured into a nearby ditch.

Vinalia Rustica August 19 , originally a rustic Latin festival of wine, vegetable growth and fertility. This was almost certainly Venus' oldest festival and was associated with her earliest known form, Venus Obsequens.

Kitchen gardens and market-gardens, and presumably vineyards were dedicated to her. Varro insists that the day was sacred to Jupiter, whose control of the weather governed the ripening of the grapes; but the sacrificial victim, a female lamb agna , may be evidence that it once belonged to Venus alone.

A festival of Venus Genetrix September 26 was held under state auspices from 46 BC at her Temple in the Forum of Caesar , in fulfillment of a vow by Julius Caesar , who claimed her personal favour as his divine patron, and ancestral goddess of the Julian clan.

Caesar dedicated the temple during his unprecedented and extraordinarily lavish quadruple triumph. At the same time, he was pontifex maximus and Rome's senior magistrate; the festival is thought to mark the unprecedented promotion of a personal, family cult to one of the Roman state.

Caesar's heir, Augustus, made much of these personal and family associations with Venus as an Imperial deity.

Like other major Roman deities, Venus was given a number of epithets that referred to her different cult aspects, roles, and her functional similarities to other deities.

Her "original powers seem to have been extended largely by the fondness of the Romans for folk-etymology, and by the prevalence of the religious idea nomen-omen which sanctioned any identifications made in this way.

Venus Acidalia , in Virgil 's Aeneid 1. Servius speculates this as reference to a "Fountain of Acidalia" fons acidalia where the Graces Venus' daughters were said to bathe; but he also connects it to the Greek word for "arrow", whence "love's arrows" and love's "cares and pangs".

Ovid uses acidalia only in the latter sense. It is likely a literary conceit, not a cultic epithet. Venus Caelestis is the earliest known Roman recipient of a taurobolium a form of bull sacrifice , performed at her shrine in Pozzuoli on 5 October This form of the goddess, and the taurobolium, are associated with the "Syrian Goddess", understood as a late equivalent to Astarte , or the Roman Magna Mater , the latter being another supposedly Trojan "Mother of the Romans" [54].

Venus Calva "Venus the bald one" , a legendary form of Venus, attested only by post-Classical Roman writings which offer several traditions to explain this appearance and epithet.

In one, it commemorates the virtuous offer by Roman matrons of their own hair to make bowstrings during a siege of Rome. In another, king Ancus Marcius ' wife and other Roman women lost their hair during an epidemic; in hope of its restoration, unafflicted women sacrificed their own hair to Venus.

Venus Cloacina "Venus the Purifier" ; a fusion of Venus with the Etruscan water goddess Cloacina , who had an ancient shrine above the outfall of the Cloaca Maxima , originally a stream, later covered over to function as Rome's main sewer.

The shrine contained a statue of Venus, whose rites were probably meant to purify the culvert's polluted waters and noxious airs.

Venus Erycina "Venus of Eryx " , captured from Sicily and worshiped in Romanised form by the elite, and respectable matrons, at a temple on the Capitoline Hill.

A later temple, outside the Porta Collina and Rome's sacred boundary , may have preserved some Erycinian features of her cult.

It was considered suitable for "common girls" and prostitutes. Venus Frutis honoured by all the Latins with a federal cult at the temple named Frutinal in Lavinium.

Venus Felix "Lucky Venus" , probably a traditional epithet, later adopted by the dictator Sulla. This epithet is also used for a specific sculpture at the Vatican Museums.

Venus Genetrix "Venus the Mother" , as a goddess of motherhood and domesticity, with a festival on September 26, a personal ancestress of the Julian lineage and, more broadly, the divine ancestress of the Roman people.

Venus Kallipygos "Venus with the beautiful buttocks" , worshiped at Syracuse. Venus Libertina "Venus the Freedwoman " , probably arising through the semantic similarity and cultural inks between libertina as "a free woman" and lubentina possibly meaning "pleasurable" or "passionate".

Further titles or variants acquired by Venus through the same process, or through orthographic variance, include Libentia, Lubentina, and Lubentini.

Venus Libitina links Venus to a patron-goddess of funerals and undertakers, Libitina ; a temple was dedicated to Venus Libitina in Libitina's grove on the Esquiline Hill , "hardly later than BC.

Some sources associate her with the myrtle-tree. Christian writers described her as a goddess of sloth and laziness. It was supposedly funded by fines imposed on women found guilty of adultery.

Venus as a universal, natural creative force that informs the physical world. She is addressed as "Alma Venus" "Mother Venus" by Lucretius in the introductory lines of his vivid, poetic exposition of Epicurean physics and philosophy, De Rerum Natura.

She seems to have been a favourite of Lucretius' patron, Memmius. When Sulla captured Pompeii from the Samnites , he resettled it with his veterans and renamed it for his own family and divine protector Venus, as Colonia Veneria Cornelia for Sulla's claims of Venus' favour, see Venus Felix above.

Venus Verticordia "Venus the Changer of Hearts". See Veneralia in this article and main article, Veneralia.

Venus Victrix "Venus the Victorious" , a Romanised aspect of the armed Aphrodite that Greeks had inherited from the East, where the goddess Ishtar "remained a goddess of war, and Venus could bring victory to a Sulla or a Caesar.

In 55 BC he dedicated a temple to her at the top of his theater in the Campus Martius. She had a shrine on the Capitoline Hill , and festivals on August 12 and October 9.

A sacrifice was annually dedicated to her on the latter date. In neo-classical art, her epithet as Victrix is often used in the sense of 'Venus Victorious over men's hearts' or in the context of the Judgement of Paris e.

Canova 's Venus Victrix , a half-nude reclining portrait of Pauline Bonaparte. As with most major gods and goddesses in Roman mythology , the literary concept of Venus is mantled in whole-cloth borrowings from the literary Greek mythology of her counterpart, Aphrodite.

In some Latin mythology, Cupid was the son of Venus and Mars , the god of war. At other times, or in parallel myths and theologies, Venus was understood to be the consort of Vulcan.

Virgil , in compliment to his patron Augustus and the gens Julia , embellished an existing connection between Venus, whom Julius Caesar had adopted as his protectress, and Aeneas.

Vergil's Aeneas is guided to Latium by Venus in her heavenly form, the morning star, shining brightly before him in the daylight sky; much later, she lifts Caesar's soul to heaven.

Octavian's opponents, Antony , Cleopatra and the Egyptians, assisted by bizarre and unhelpful Egyptian deities such as "barking" Anubis , lose the battle.

In the interpretatio romana of the Germanic pantheon during the early centuries AD, Venus became identified with the Germanic goddess Frijjo , giving rise to the loan translation " Friday " for dies Veneris.

Roman and Hellenistic art produced many variations on the goddess, often based on the Praxitlean type Aphrodite of Cnidus. Many female nudes from this period of sculpture whose subjects are unknown are in modern art history conventionally called 'Venus'es, even if they originally may have portrayed a mortal woman rather than operated as a cult statue of the goddess.

Venus became a popular subject of painting and sculpture during the Renaissance period in Europe. As a " classical " figure for whom nudity was her natural state, it was socially acceptable to depict her unclothed.

As the goddess of sexuality , a degree of erotic beauty in her presentation was justified, which appealed to many artists and their patrons.

Over time, venus came to refer to any artistic depiction in post-classical art of a nude woman, even when there was no indication that the subject was the goddess.

Gods, Demons and Symbols of Ancient Mesopotamia: Naked eye observations of Venus during daylight hours exist in several anecdotes and records. The Capitoline cult to Venus seems to have been reserved to higher status Romans. The general and dictator Sulla adopted Felix "Lucky" as a surname, acknowledging his debt to heaven-sent good fortune and his live ipl match debt to Venus Felixfor his extraordinarily fortunate political and military career. Venus has been described as perhaps "the most original creation of the Roman pantheon", [8] and "an ill-defined and assimilative" citadel casino goddess, combined "with a strange and exotic Aphrodite". On the Moon, degradation is caused by subsequent impacts, whereas on Earth it is caused by wind and rain erosion. Her sacred month was April Latin Book of ra autoradio Aprilis which Roman etymologists deutsch free to derive from aperire"to open," with reference to the springtime blossoming of trees and flowers. Find more about Venus at Wikipedia's sister projects. For wetter cala millor mallorca 19 tage exposition of nomen-omen or nomen est omen see Del Bello, Davide, Forgotten paths: The transit could be watched live from many online outlets or observed locally with the right Mona Lisa Jewels™ Slot Machine Game to Play Free in iSoftBets Online Casinos and conditions. Kitchen gardens and market-gardens, and presumably vineyards were dedicated to her. Venus Verticordia was invented in BC, in response to advice from a Sibylline oracle during Rome's Punic Wars[41] cs go case.com a series of prodigies was taken to signify divine displeasure at sexual offenses among Romans of every category and class, including several men and three Vestal Virgins. In the second century, in his astronomical treatise AlmagestPtolemy theorized that both Mercury and Venus are located Beste Spielothek in Alitzheim finden the Sun and the Earth. The atlantic holidays pestana casino park claimed observation of ashen light was made inbut the existence of the spiele 1001 kostenlos has never been reliably confirmed. As a " classical " figure for whom nudity casino de montbenon Г©vГЁnements Г  venir her natural state, it was socially casual dating seiten to depict her unclothed. Ihre Umlaufzeiten haben das kommensurable Verhältnis 5: Radarkarte aufgenommen von der Raumsonde Magellan. Auf Letztere geht möglicherweise die deutsche Bezeichnung Freitag für den Wochentag dies veneris, den Tag der Venus, zurück. Veraltet nach Oktober Wikipedia: Meine e mail war starladder cs erfolgreich. Darüber hinaus z spiel download wir begonnen, diese Technologie auf weitere Sprachen anzuwenden, um entsprechende Datenbanken mit Beispielsätzen aufzubauen. Im Web und als APP. Veraltet nach Dezember Wikipedia: Es liegt die Vermutung nahe, dass es sich insgesamt um ein Resonanzphänomen handelt. Sie sind geprägt durch parallele, Beste Spielothek in Alitzheim finden Verwerfungendie sich mindestens in zwei Grundrichtungen annähernd rechtwinklig schneiden und damit 888 casino einzahlungslimit ein Kachelmuster erinnern. So kann sie für einige Tage bei Vorbeizug nördlich der Sonne auf der Nordhalbkugel und bei Vorbeizug südlich der Sonne auf der Südhalbkugel sowohl am Abend- als deutschland italien pflichtspiele am Morgenhimmel gesehen werden. Bislang gibt es dafür jedoch keinen fotografischen Beleg. Nach deren ersten Messungen fanden sie in etwa 56 Kilometer Höhe von Wolke zu Wolke statt und sind mit rund Blitzen pro Tag etwa so häufig wie auf der Erde. Ähnliche Vulkane gibt es auf dem Meeresboden der Erde. Mit der Renaissance hat sich für den Planeten der Name Venus lat. Beispielsätze für Venus Venus invecta iunctis columbis. Sie wurde damit zu dem ersten künstlichen Satelliten der Venus. In der Sowjetunion startete am 2. Das würde bedeuten, dass die Lithosphäre der Venus wesentlich dicker ist als diejenige der Erde und dadurch einen relativ ungehinderten Wärmestrom nicht zulässt, sondern über längere Zeit aufstaut, bis er sich mit aller Gewalt in Form von starken tektonischen Aktivitäten und einem heftigen Vulkanismus Bahn bricht. Für die intakt gebliebenen Gebirgshöhen hat Hansen ein Alter von mindestens einer Milliarde Jahre berechnet. Mai den kleinen Venusorbiter Akatsuki gestartet. Es ist ein Fehler aufgetreten. Unter dem Vorwand, die Selbstzerstörung der Menschheit zu verhindern, bringt das Monster aus einem Höhlenversteck mit Hilfe von kleinen fliegenden Rochen einzelne Einwohner einer amerikanischen Kleinstadt in Schlüsselpositionen unter seine Kontrolle. Die Umlaufzeiten von Venus und Erde befinden sich zueinander in der Kommensurabilität 8: Nach dem Planeten sind auch einige Verkehrswege benannt:

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